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Immigration and Early Settlement

Immigration and Early Settlement > Specific Settlements > Pawnee
7 Topic Specific Items
Letter, John N. Dyer to Gov. A. H. Reeder
Author: Dyer, John N.
Date: November 7, 1854

John N. Dyer, Pawnee, KT, wrote Reeder to say that the Pawnee Town Association, which had been formed in November 1854 and of which Dyer was secretary, had voted to admit the governor "as a member with equal rights, and responsibilities, as the original members." The letter was written on the 7th about a meeting on the 6th of November; perhaps this was the association's first meeting, since they reportedly organized sometime in November.

Keywords: Dyer, John N.; Pawnee Town Association; Pawnee, Kansas Territory; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Town companies

Receipt, Handwritten, William A. Hammond to A. H. Reeder
Author: Hammond, William A.
Date: November 16, 1854

William A. Hammond, secretary of the Pawnee Town Association, wrote: "Received Fort Leavenworth K. T. November 16th of A. H. Reeder one hundred dollars ($100.00) in full of a payment on his interest in the stock of Pawnee Town Association." This was the first of several such receipts and documents pertaining to transactions in town shares, etc. Shares had been selling for $120 each, with 10 shares equal to an "interest." The contents of several additional receipts are included in the text version of the item.

Keywords: Hammond, William A.; Pawnee Town Association; Receipts; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Town shares

Letter, William A. Hammond to Dear Sir [Gov. A. H. Reeder]
Author: Hammond, William A.
Date: November 20, 1854

Dr. Hammond, the secretary of the Pawnee town company, was post surgeon at Fort Riley in 1854-55. He wrote from the "Catholic Mission" (undoubtedly the Potawatomi mission at St. Mary's) to inform the governor that he had "just purchased from Mr. Wilson one whole interest (10 shares) and from Lt. Hunter one half an interest (5 shares)" for Reeder--total cost, $1,800.00.

Keywords: Catholic Church Missions; Fort Riley, Kansas Territory; Hammond, William A.; Pawnee Town Association; Pawnee, Kansas Territory; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Speculation; Surgeons; Town site speculation; United States. Army

Certificate, Pawnee Association, one share
Author: Pawnee Town Association
Date: December 20, 1854

This printed certificate for "one share" in the Pawnee Association is made out to Thomas Sherwood and signed by W. R. Montgomery, president, and William A. Hammond, secretary. William R. Montgomery was a colonel in the U.S. Army in command at Fort Riley at the time; Hammond was the post surgeon. The area that was Pawnee is now on Fort Riley.

Keywords: Certificates; Fort Riley, Kansas Territory; Hammond, William A.; Montgomery, William R.; Pawnee Town Association; Sherwood, Thomas; Speculation; Town shares; United States. Army

Letter, Warren Beckwith to M. H. Moore [Henry Miles]
Author: Beckwith, Warren
Date: March 9, 1855

Beckwith wrote from Pawnee, K. T., to Henry Miles Moore of Weston, Missouri. Beckwith described building construction in Pawnee, reporting that a warehouse would be completed in time for the first session of the Territorial Legislature and that Catholic and Episcopal churches were being built.

Keywords: Beckwith, Warren; Churches; Construction; Davis County, Kansas Territory; Geary County, Kansas; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Moore, H. Miles (Henry Miles), b. 1826; Pawnee, Kansas Territory; Town development; Town sites

Town Share Certificate, Pawnee Association
Author: Pawnee Town Association
Date: July 21, 1855

The Pawnee Association issued this certificate for "one share of the town property" to Thomas Sherwood, a business associate of Gov. Reeder's. Sherwood was involved in many of Reeder's land and town share transactions. This printed certificate is more elaborate than the ones issued earlier in the year.

Keywords: Certificates; Pawnee Town Association; Pawnee, Kansas Territory; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Sherwood, Thomas; Speculation; Town development; Town shares

Statement of Lemuel Knapp
Author: National Kansas Committee
Date: January 5, 1857

This testimony, recorded by the National Kansas Committee, describes the Kansas experience of Lemuel Knapp, a settler who emigrated to the area near Fort Riley, Kansas. His statement includes personal information as well as comments on the development of Pawnee City and the role that it played in the early years of Kansas Territory. It also relates an account of how the President ordered the destruction of Pawnee City because the newly drawn boundaries placed it on the Fort Riley Military Reserve.

Keywords: Cooke, Philip St. George; Fort Riley, Kansas Territory; Free state perspective; Houses; Knapp, Lemuel; Montgomery, William R.; Ogden, Edmund Augustus; Ogden, Kansas Territory; Pawnee Town Association; Pawnee, Kansas Territory; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864

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Letter, Tho Sherwood to Friend Woodward
Authors: Sherwood, Thomas
Date:  July 5, 1855
Thomas Sherwood wrote to Friend Woodward of the now-famous confrontation between Governor Andrew Reeder and Benjamin F. Stringfellow. According to Sherwood, the two men were only saved from shooting one another by the intervention of Reeder's private secretary, John Halderman, and the U.S. District Attorney for Kansas Territory, Andrew Isacks.

Keywords: Border ruffians; Bourbon County, Kansas Territory; Halderman, John Adams; Isacks, Andrew Jackson; Johnson County, Kansas Territory; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Pawnee, Kansas Territory; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Shawnee Mission; Sherwood, Thomas; Stringfellow, Benjamin F.


Letter, John N. Dyer to Gov. A. H. Reeder
Authors: Dyer, John N.
Date:  November 7, 1854
John N. Dyer, Pawnee, KT, wrote Reeder to say that the Pawnee Town Association, which had been formed in November 1854 and of which Dyer was secretary, had voted to admit the governor "as a member with equal rights, and responsibilities, as the original members." The letter was written on the 7th about a meeting on the 6th of November; perhaps this was the association's first meeting, since they reportedly organized sometime in November.

Keywords: Dyer, John N.; Pawnee Town Association; Pawnee, Kansas Territory; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Town companies


Letter, William A. Hammond to Dear Sir [Gov. A. H. Reeder]
Authors: Hammond, William A.
Date:  November 20, 1854
Dr. Hammond, the secretary of the Pawnee town company, was post surgeon at Fort Riley in 1854-55. He wrote from the "Catholic Mission" (undoubtedly the Potawatomi mission at St. Mary's) to inform the governor that he had "just purchased from Mr. Wilson one whole interest (10 shares) and from Lt. Hunter one half an interest (5 shares)" for Reeder--total cost, $1,800.00.

Keywords: Catholic Church Missions; Fort Riley, Kansas Territory; Hammond, William A.; Pawnee Town Association; Pawnee, Kansas Territory; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Speculation; Surgeons; Town site speculation; United States. Army


Diary, Franklin L. Crane
Authors: Crane, Franklin L.
Date:  February 23, 1855 - September 29, 1856
The entries pertaining to Kansas Territory began on page 18, with Franklin Crane leaving his home in Easton, Pennsylvania with his son, Franklin Jr. He described their journey to Kansas and their initial impressions and travels while in the territory. In June 1855, he returned to Easton to sell his property so he could then return to Kansas. The later entries began in September of 1856 and described tensions in Topeka with efforts to build a fort and rumors of armed Missourians in the area.

Keywords: Border ruffians; Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Crane, Franklin Loomis; Davis County, Kansas Territory; Easton, Pennsylvania; Geary County, Kansas; Geary, John White, 1819-1873; Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Pawnee, Kansas Territory; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Tecumseh, Kansas Territory; Topeka Association; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Town shares; Travel; Updegraff, E.; Weather


Letter, Warren Beckwith to M. H. Moore [Henry Miles]
Authors: Beckwith, Warren
Date:  March 9, 1855
Beckwith wrote from Pawnee, K. T., to Henry Miles Moore of Weston, Missouri. Beckwith described building construction in Pawnee, reporting that a warehouse would be completed in time for the first session of the Territorial Legislature and that Catholic and Episcopal churches were being built.

Keywords: Beckwith, Warren; Churches; Construction; Davis County, Kansas Territory; Geary County, Kansas; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Moore, H. Miles (Henry Miles), b. 1826; Pawnee, Kansas Territory; Town development; Town sites


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