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Immigration and Early Settlement

Immigration and Early Settlement > Specific Settlements > Manhattan
15 Topic Specific Items
Letter, Wm. E. Goodnow to My Dear Wife [Harriet Goodnow]
Author: Goodnow, William E.
Date: June 10, 1855

William Goodnow, brother of Isaac Goodnow, wrote from Shannon, Wild Cat Creek, Kansas Territory, to his wife back East. Goodnow described his experiences participating in the development of the nearby town of Manhattan, having attended a city council meeting and anticipating the founding of a newspaper. Goodnow also mentioned religious services and "Sabbath Schools" currently running out of settler's homes, and commented on the numerous emigrants who had traveled to Kansas Territory only to quickly give up and return home.

Keywords: Diseases; Election fraud; Emigration and immigration; Goodnow, Ellen; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Goodnow, William E.; Livestock; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Methodists; Newspapers; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Religion; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Shannon, Kansas Territory; Town development

Letter, Wm [Goodnow] to My Dear Wife [Harriet Goodnow]
Author: Goodnow, William E.
Date: July 15, 1855

William Goodnow wrote from a settlement outside Manhattan, Kansas Territory, to his wife Harriet in New England. Goodnow refuted claims that Kansas was "a poor place", defended the New England Emigrant Aid Company against the complaints of "disappointed, unstable, and homesick" emigrants. He also reported on the frequent passing of Government trains from Fort Riley, in anticipation of war. Isaac Goodnow added a note to Harriet, proclaiming Kansas' destiny as a free state.

Keywords: Emigration and immigration; Free state support; Goodnow, Harriet; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Goodnow, William E.; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Shannon, Kansas Territory

Letter, Jesse H. Crane to Dear Father [Franklin Crane]
Author: Crane, Jesse H.
Date: July 14, 1856

Jesse H. Crane, writing from Manhattan, Kansas Territory, addressed this letter to his father Franklin Crane, a prominent citizen of Topeka. The letter begins with news about the family, and then moves to a discussion of Manhattan. Jesse recommended the town to his father as an excellent investment opportunity, and he encouraged him to come for a visit. He also described the town site later in the letter.

Keywords: Crane, Franklin Loomis; Crane, Jesse H.; Daily life; Horses; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Town sites

Letter, James Redpath to Sir
Author: Redpath, James , 1833-1891
Date: February 1857

This printed form letter was written by James Redpath to the people of Boston asking for money for the people of Manhattan, Kansas in order to build a church, school, and library. Redpath had been appointed their agent to solicit this money. He included a list of references at the foot of the page.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Cabot, Samuel; Churches; Community life; Dana, Charles A.; Education; Howe, S. G. (Samuel Gridley), 1801-1876; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Redpath, James, 1833-1891; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Williams, John M. S.

Letter, Wm E. Goodnow to Mr. Hiram Hill
Author: Goodnow, William E.
Date: August 17, 1857

William Goodnow wrote from Manhattan, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts, providing him with more information about the town. Goodnow quoted current prices on town shares and lots, and described a variety of merchants, goods, and services which were already available there.

Keywords: Construction; Education; Goodnow, William E.; Hill, Hiram; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Merchants; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Town lots; Town shares

Letter, John W. Robinson to Hiram Hill
Author: Robinson, John W.
Date: August 17, 1857

John Robinson, President and Agent of the Manhattan Town Association, wrote from Manhattan, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts. Robinson responded to Hill's interest in investing in the town, describing the town's current situation, climate, and development rate. He provided specific and dramatic examples of increasing property values, and assured Hill that there would be no land speculation; he would only sell lots to those investors who were willing to build.

Keywords: Big Blue River; Churches; Crops; Droughts; Goodnow, William E.; Hill, Hiram; Kansas River, Kansas Territory; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Real estate investment; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Robinson, John W.; Smythe, Edward B.; Stonemasons; Timber; Town associations; Town development

Letter, Edward B. Smythe to Hiram Hill
Author: Smythe, Edward B.
Date: August 31, 1857

Edward Smythe wrote from Manhattan, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts, regarding his experiences in Manhattan. Smythe described his journey West and his newly established lumber business. He found the people of Manhattan to be enjoyable and prosperous. Smythe illustrated their character by describing the ladies' festival planned for the coming week, in which funds will be raised to defray the expenses of constructing a beautiful new schoolhouse. He added that he would now begin his search for a "better half".

Keywords: Business enterprises; Construction; Education; Hill, Hiram; Hotels; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Real estate investment; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Smythe, Edward B.; Timber

Letter, C. E. Blood to Mr. Hiram Hill
Author: Blood, C.E.
Date: February 9, 1859

C.E. Blood wrote from Manhattan, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts. Blood told Hill that, by mistake, a house had been built on one of Hill's town lots. He offered to trade lots with Hill, maintaining that both were of equal quality and value, and told him that the house would serve as the printing office of a new newspaper, the Manhattan Statesman.

Keywords: Blood, C.E.; Construction; Hill, Hiram; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Newspaper buildings; Pikes Peak gold rush; Real estate investment; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Town lots

Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Dear Sir [Isaac Goodnow]
Author: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: March 8, 1859

Samuel Pomeroy wrote to Isaac Goodnow from Atchison, Kansas Territory. Pomeroy told Goodnow he was not disposed at the moment to come to Manhattan on account of lawsuits and railroad business, but would come as soon as possible. He looked forward to being present when the cornerstone of the Bluemont College building was placed, and asked Goodnow to list him as a subscriber to Manhattan's new newspaper. Pomeroy also referred to the upcoming election the following June, which would determine the delegates to attend the Wyandotte Constitutional Convention, and prayed for a successful outcome.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Border ruffians; Denison, Joseph; Election, Wyandotte Constitution delegates to convention, June 1859; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad Company; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Skirmishing; Wyandotte Constitutional Convention, July 1859

Letter, John Pipher to J. J. Davis & Dr. Valtier
Author: Pipher, John
Date: April 20, 1859

John Pipher, writing from Manhattan, Kansas Territory, composed this letter to J.J. Davis and a Dr. Valtier, expressing his own enthusiasm for the creation of Bluemont Central College, hoping to elicit their support as well. Pipher anticipated that the College would attract "men of families and of wealth" to the area, which would stimulate growth and trade enough so that the College would pay for itself within one year.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Pipher, John; Real estate investment; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Town development; Universities and colleges

Letter, Isaac T. Goodnow to Rev. C. E. Blood
Author: Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894
Date: May 5, 1859

Isaac Goodnow, writing from Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, on his way to New England, related his experiences with a Mr. Vivaldi, a newspaper editor in Wyandotte, to C. E. Blood in Manhattan. Goodnow told Blood that Vivaldi would run a series of articles and advertisements about Manhattan in short order, and that promotional articles needed to be submitted as soon as possible. Goodnow also emphasized that, upon his arrival to Manhattan, Vivaldi should have his "expectations" met, and that all efforts should be taken to impress him.

Keywords: Advertisements; Blood, C.E.; Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Newspaper buildings; Newspapers; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Steamboats; Town development; Town promotion; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory; de Vivaldi, Charles F.

Letter, Joseph Denison [to Isaac Goodnow]
Author: Denison, Joseph
Date: August 28, 1859

Joseph Denison attached this letter to Isaac Goodnow to the end of a longer one written by Isaac's wife Ellen. Denison advised Goodnow to purchase insurance for the college buildings as soon as possible, to prevent a large investment loss. He also suggested that, once the roof of the building was completed, that someone sleep there at night for security reasons. Denison added that the railroad from Wyandotte to Fort Riley now had a stop in Manhattan, complete with depot.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Denison, Joseph; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Insurance; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Railroads; Riley County, Kansas Territory; School buildings; Town development

Letter, Ellen D. Goodnow to My Dear Husband [Isaac Goodnow]
Author: Goodnow, Ellen
Date: August 28, 1859 August 28, 1859

Ellen Goodnow wrote from Manhattan, Kansas Territory, to her husband, Isaac, who was traveling in New England. Goodnow mentioned that students, who would attend Bluemont College beginning in November, were coming to the area to board. She told her husband that they would be lodging with the Denisons during the coming winter, and asked him what furnishings they could provide. Goodnow also advised him about purchasing wallpaper and upholstery to decorate their church sanctuary.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Churches; Goodnow, Ellen; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; House furnishings; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Merchandise; Riley County, Kansas Territory

Letter, C. E. Blood to Hiram Hill
Author: Blood, C.E.
Date: November 1859

C. E. Blood wrote from Manhattan, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts. Blood informed Hill of an upcoming meeting of the Manhattan Town Association, and told him that he should send a power of attorney to a local citizen to act as his representative. Blood also said that he had not received money for the city tax he had previously requested, and warned Hill that the City authorities would sell his lots if they were not paid.

Keywords: Blood, C.E.; Hill, Hiram; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Taxation; Town companies

Letter, J. W. Robinson to Dear Friend [Isaac] Goodnow
Author: Robinson, John W.
Date: November 12, 1860

John W. Robinson wrote from his home in Manhattan, Kansas Territory, to Isaac Goodnow. Robinson had given Goodnow agency to sell some of his Manhattan properties, and thanked him for his assistance as he was in great need of money. Robinson enthusiastically reacted to Lincoln's recent election to the Presidency, and claimed "even the Democrats assert that they are gratified at the result." He believed Kansas would be admitted to statehood early in the Legislative session. Robinson also discussed Manhattan's recent development projects, including new roads and a pontoon bridge.

Keywords: Bridges; Election, Presidential, 1860; Lincoln administration; Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Medicine; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Roads; Robinson, John W.; Town development

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Surveying Equipment
Authors: No authors specified.
Date:  1845-1855
Albert D. Searl used this equipment to survey Kansas Territory town sites in 1854. Lawrence was surveyed on Sept. 25th and Topeka on Dec. 20th. Searl's efforts to set town limits for free-staters in Lawrence were met with violence from pro-slavery forces nearby. Searl would later survey Manhattan, Osawatomie, Burlington, & El Dorado.

Keywords: Border ruffians; Burlington, Kansas Territory; Coffey County, Kansas Territory; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Free state; Free state cause; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Objects; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Searl, Albert D.; Skirmishing; Surveyors; Topeka, Kansas; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Violence


Journey from Massachusetts to Kansas
Authors: Allen, Chestina Bowker
Date:  October 17, 1854 - April 22, 1858
Chestina Bowker Allen traveled to Kansas Territory from Roxbury, Massachusetts, with her husband Asahel Gilbert Allen and five children--William, Charles, Henrietta, John, and Abbie. Apparently, they were members of the third company sent by the New England Emigrant Aid Company and began the journey to Kansas Territory in October, 1854. While the title indicated it recorded the journey to the territory, it actually documented their first three years in Kansas Territory. Mrs. Allen described their journey west with stops in Kansas City and Lawrence. They eventually settled near Rock Creek in Pottawatomie County. She wrote about many of her daily activities including assisting neighbors when ill. She mentioned a cholera epidemic in the area in 1855. She wrote about various rumors and encounters with free state supporters (which the Allen family was) and proslavery groups. She provided a great deal of information about living conditions and the price and availability of various goods. She wrote about her husband and older sons going to various communities to work and also about people that visited their home and those who boarded with them. She provided fairly stereotypical descriptions of Native Americans.The document appeared to be recopied from an original diary and included some penciled in corrections and a few annotations from a later time.

Keywords: Allen, Asahel Gilbert; Allen, Charles Bowker; Allen, Chestina Bowker; Allen, William Francis; American Indians (see also Native Americans); Daily life; Diaries; Diseases; Economic conditions; Ferries; Free state supporters; Louisville, Kansas Territory; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Native Americans; Pottawatomie County, Kansas Territory; Proslavery activities; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Rock Creek, Kansas Territory; Settlement; Steamboats


Diary
Authors: Lovejoy, Julia Louisa
Date:  December 10, 1854 - January 5, 1860
Julia Louisa Hardy Lovejoy and her husband Charles came to Kansas Territory in March 1855. Julia described the trip and their first months in Kansas Territory. However, Julia's diary entries were fairly sporadic so there were significant gaps in her account of life in Kansas Territory. Her writing was very emotional when describing the illness and death of their daughter Edith, when referring to the conflict in the territory, and when writing about her religious beliefs. The diary also contained some detail about daily life. The Lovejoys had two older children (Charles J. and Juliette) and a five year old daughter Edith when they came to Kansas Territory. Their son Charles may have come to Kansas before the rest of the family. Edith died in Lawrence, Kansas Territory, on May 3, 1855. Julia was pregnant at the time and a son Irving was born September 17, 1855. Juliette married Dr. Samuel Whitehorn from Hudson, Michigan, on March 9, 1856, in Manhattan, Kansas Territory. Juliette died November 20, 1860, at Manhattan, Kansas, at the age of 21. See the biographical sketch in the "Personalities" section for more detail on the Lovejoys.

Keywords: Baldwin, Kansas Territory; Daily life; Diaries; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Lovejoy, Julia Hardy, 1812-1882; Lovejoy, Julia Louisa (see Lovejoy, Julia Hardy); Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Methodists; Religion; Riley County, Kansas Territory


Letter, T. [Thomas] C. Wells to Dear Mother, [Sarah Elizabeth Clarke Wells]
Authors: Wells, Thomas Clarke
Date:  April 1, 1855
Born and raised in Rhode Island, twenty-three-year-old Thomas C. Wells apparently was a reluctant Kansas immigrant; his initial ambivalence was reflected in his first letter from Providence, RI, March 12, 1855, where he wrote: "I may yet see it best to return [home from Boston] and not go [to Kansas] at all." This, Clarke's first letter from "the far famed Kanzas Territory," was written from Topeka, but describes the journey from the boarder via Lawrence and reported is intention to "start for Big Blue, where Mr. Goodnow is tomorrow." Part of the journey was made in the company of some well-armed Missourians "who were going to Lawrence to vote," presumably in the March 30 legislative election. All Clarke's extensive correspondence from KT (March 24, 1855 to October 19, 1860) was published in 1936 in the KHQ and is now available digitally at http://www.kshs.org/library/khq/1936/36_2_wells.htm.

Keywords: Big Blue, Kansas Territory; Border ruffians; Elections; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Missourians; Page's Hotel; Shawnee Indians; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Wells, Thomas Clarke; Westport, Missouri


Letter, Wm. E. Goodnow to My Dear Wife [Harriet Goodnow]
Authors: Goodnow, William E.
Date:  June 10, 1855
William Goodnow, brother of Isaac Goodnow, wrote from Shannon, Wild Cat Creek, Kansas Territory, to his wife back East. Goodnow described his experiences participating in the development of the nearby town of Manhattan, having attended a city council meeting and anticipating the founding of a newspaper. Goodnow also mentioned religious services and "Sabbath Schools" currently running out of settler's homes, and commented on the numerous emigrants who had traveled to Kansas Territory only to quickly give up and return home.

Keywords: Diseases; Election fraud; Emigration and immigration; Goodnow, Ellen; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Goodnow, William E.; Livestock; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Methodists; Newspapers; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Religion; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Shannon, Kansas Territory; Town development


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