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Immigration and Early Settlement

Immigration and Early Settlement > Specific Settlements > Leavenworth
24 Topic Specific Items
Photograph, First Executive Office, Fort Leavenworth
Author: No authors specified.
Date: 1854

A photograph of the building where Governor Reeder established the first Executive office at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, October 4 to November 24, 1854.

Keywords: Capitals (cities); Executive departments - Kansas Territory; Fort Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Territorial government; United States. Army

Certificate, Leavenworth Association, Five Town Shares
Author: Leavenworth Association
Date: October 9, 1854

This certificate for "five shares of the Town property of Leavenworth Association" was made out to Andrew H. Reeder, the first territorial governor. It was signed by H. Miles Moore, secretary, and George W. Gist, president. The latter, and two other men, had laid claim, according to Andreas's History of Kansas, to the land that would become Leavenworth city on June 12, 1854, the first land claimed in the territory by U. S. citizens after passages of the Kansas Nebraska Act.

Keywords: Gist, George W.; Land acquisition; Leavenworth Association; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Moore, H. Miles (Henry Miles), b. 1826; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Town shares

Certificate, Leavenworth Association, One Town Shares
Author: Leavenworth Association
Date: October 18, 1854

This document/certificate was identical to the one issued to Andrew H. Reeder (Document #261), but it was made out to C. A. Williams for "one share of the Town property of Leavenworth Association," and on the reverse side it was transferred to Reeder, November 11, 1854. It was signed by Charles Mundee, secretary, and D. P. Wallingford, a proslave partisan from Weston, Mo. At the top, the document was signed, "With Greetings: John A. Halderman."

Keywords: Certificates; Halderman, John Adams; Leavenworth Association; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Mundee, Charles; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Town shares; Wallingford, D. P.; Williams, C. A.

Photograph, First house in Leavenworth
Author: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1855

A photograph of the first dwelling house in Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, built in 1855. The date of the photograph is unknown. It was located between 4th and 5th Streets on Olive Street. A young African-American child was photographed standing next to the house.

Keywords: African Americans; Houses; Immigration and early settlement; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth buildings; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Settlement

Contract, Between Leavenworth Town Association and John A. Halderman
Author: Leavenworth Town Association
Date: June 25, 1855

Signed by three trustees of the Leavenworth Town Association (Oliver Diefendorf, William S. Yohe, and J. M. Day), this contract or agreement sold lot #19 in block #17 to J. A. Halderman for $175.00. The specific terms of the agreement were described.

Keywords: Day, J. M; Diefendorf, Oliver; Halderman, John Adams; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth Town Company; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Town companies; Town settlement; Yohe, William S.

Agreement, Construction of Office Building in Leavenworth
Author: Hook, H. M.; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864
Date: September 29, 1855

A. H. Reeder herein entered into an agreement with H. M. Hook for the latter to "erect" an office building on lot #8, block #3 of Leavenworth, KT. Hook agreed to build the structure, "16 feet by 32 feet similar to the office of M. I. Parrot" (perhaps, Marcus J. Parrott) for $400. Hook was to be paid out of the rent received on this property when finished, as well as from that he received on three others he was leasing from Reeder.

Keywords: Construction; Hook, H. M.; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864

Poster, Public Warning!
Author: Shockley, William P.
Date: June 11, 1856

This flyer warned the citizens of Leavenworth that the city marshal, William Shockley, would begin enforcing the ordinance against discharging firearms within the city limits. It had "become so frequent as to endanger life and greatly annoy the quiet and peace of orderly citizens."

Keywords: Cities and towns; Firearms; Guns; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Shockley, William P.

Letter, J. A. Davies to Dear Friend [Thomas Wentworth] Higginson
Author: Davies, J. A.
Date: September 27, 1856

This letter was written by a Kansas settler named J. A. Davies who was originally from Massachusetts. It was addressed to Thomas Wentworth Higginson, an agent for the Massachusetts Kansas Aid Committee and an ardent Northern abolitionist. The main topic of the letter was the Leavenworth municipal election on September 1, 1856 and the other "outrages" witnessed by Davies. On the date of that election, border ruffians had crossed the border and hampered the legal voters of the territory from casting their votes. The mob violence was so terrible that virtually every free state settler was driven from the town, and Mr. Hops was murdered by Mr. Fugent. Davies and his family fled to St. Louis and then left for Alton, Illinois, but he hopes to return to the territory.

Keywords: Alton, Illinois; Border ruffians; Davies, J. A.; Election fraud; Elections; Free state perspective; Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; St. Louis, Missouri; Violence

Proclamation
Author: Murphey, William E.
Date: September 29, 1856

This proclamation was written by the mayor of Leavenworth, William E. Murphy, announcing that he would use the forces of the law against any person who sent an anonymous communication requesting that a citizen of Leavenworth leave the territory. Murphy encouraged the citizens of the city to "frown down any secret Conspiracy against law." It also mentioned that such action was contrary to the interests of both the government and the Law and Order Party.

Keywords: Geary, John White, 1819-1873; Law and Order Party; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Murphey, William E

Letter Press Book, Thomas Ewing, Jr., to Dear Judge [M. F. Moore]
Author: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: June 5, 1857

Thomas Ewing, Jr., moved to Kansas Territory in 1856 and established a law practice in Leavenworth. It is from this town, Kansas Territory's largest city, where he also had many investments, that he wrote Judge M. F. Moore, Sioux City, Iowa, regarding Moore's investments and other opportunities in Leavenworth.

Keywords: Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Iowa; Land acquisition; Land speculation; Lawyers; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Town development; Town promotion

Letter Press Book, addendum to Thomas Ewing to Dear Sir
Author: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: July 14, 1857

Accompanying a two page, mostly illegible letter from Thomas Ewing dated Leavenworth, July 14, 1857, was a two page addendum describing and itemizing the cost of building 40 new and reconstructing the roofs on 27 previously built houses in Leavenworth--total cost, $8,990. He also provided an estimate as to rent that could be expected on these properties and on "a two story brick building, such as you spoke of building on the corner of 4 & Delaware."

Keywords: Commercial real estate; Construction; Cost and standard of living; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Houses; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Rent

Letter, Tho. Ewing, Jr. to Dear Sir
Author: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: March 29, 1858

In this letter from Leavenworth, Ewing began with comments on a note that was being extended and ended with observations about his city's rapid growth and bright prospects. "Majors & Russell," he predicted, "will only start a portion of their trains from Nebraska City. They will do all their business here as far as the capacity of the town & neighborhood will permit."

Keywords: Commerce; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Freight and freightage; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Majors, Alexander, 1814-1900; Nebraska City, Nebraska Territory; Russell, William H (of Russell, Majors and Waddell)

Letter, W. T. Sherman to H. E. Ring
Author: Sherman, William T. ((William Tecumseh), 1820-1891
Date: November 1, 1858

Thomas Ewing, Jr.'s law partner and brother-in-law, W.T. Sherman, who would gain military fame and glory as a general during the Civil War, wrote from Leavenworth to H.E. Ring in Dover, Tenn., regarding land and other prospects in Kansas. "Near this city now containing 1000 people," wrote Sherman, that land prices were high ranging about $100 an acre down to $4 or $5." Sherman offered to help this "old school mate" locate in Kansas if he so desired, but he advised that he would not do so unless his health was good and if he were prospering back home, "as there are many here seeking places. The climate too is not so genial as that of Tennessee."

Keywords: Dover, Tennessee; Land acquisition; Land sales; Land speculation; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Ring, H. E.; Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891; Tennessee; Weather

Letter, W. T. Sherman to Wm. T. Coleman & Co.
Author: Sherman, William T. ((William Tecumseh), 1820-1891
Date: November 15, 1858

From Leavenworth on behalf of "two sons of the Hon. Thos Ewing of Ohio" and himself, Sherman informed Coleman & Co., "No. 88, Wall Street New York," that the firm would be pleased to be of whatever service they could. He then wrote of Leavenworth's great prospects: "we propose to make this our future home. . . . It now contains 10000 people, and reminds me much in the appearance of its houses, streets, and people of California towns in 1851 & 2."

Keywords: California; Ewing, Thomas, 1789-1871; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; New York, New York; Ohio; Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891; Town promotion; Wm. T. Coleman & Co.

Leslie's Illustrated, Panoramic View of Leavenworth
Author: No authors specified.
Date: Dec. 25th, 1858

Illustration from Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, December 25, 1858, showing a panoramic view of Leavenworth. The scene shows businesses, homes, and steamboats on the Missouri River. The illustration is captioned, "City of Leavenworth, Kansas Territory."

Keywords: Immigration (see Emigration and immigration); Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Periodical illustrations; Photographs and Illustrations; Settlement

Photograph, Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, 1858
Author: Beaulieu
Date: 1858

An illustration of the City of Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, 1858, copied from Leslie's, December 25, 1858.

Keywords: Cities and towns; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Periodical illustrations; Photographs and Illustrations

Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Father [Thomas Ewing, Sr]
Author: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: May 11, 1859

Among other rather mundane items, Ewing told his father back in Ohio that the Democrats had just held a convention at Tecumseh, "which Hugh [Ewing] and Hamp attended," and about the economic conditions in Leavenworth, which were much tied to the success of the "Pikes Peak movement."

Keywords: Construction; Democratic Party (U.S.); Ewing, Thomas, 1789-1871; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Physicians; Pikes Peak gold rush; Railroads; Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891; St. Joseph, Missouri; Tecumseh, Kansas Territory

Leavenworth City Directory, and Business Mirror for 1859-60, Containing the Name and Residence of Every Male Citizen, a Business Mirror, and an Appendix of Much Useful Information
Author: Sutherland & McEvoy
Date: 1859

In addition to advertisements, and information about various civic institutions in Leavenworth, this city directory also contained an historical sketch of the city attributed to H. Miles Moore, one of Leavenworth's early settlers. Some women are listed in the directory if they operated a business such as a boarding house, if they had a job, or, apparently, if they were widowed or unmarried. The "business mirror" section listed individual businesses grouped by the type of business or profession. The appendix included a listing of city and county officials and community institutions. The volume contained a number of ads for businesses in St. Louis, Missouri. The item referenced a map that was supposed to serve as a street guide but it was not contained in the KSHS copy of this item.

Keywords: Advertisements; Business; Business enterprises; Commerce; Community life; Economic development; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Missouri; Moore, H. Miles (Henry Miles), b. 1826; Retail businesses; St. Louis, Missouri; Town development; Women

Barclay's Business Directory of Leavenworth for 1859
Author: Pierse, Allen
Date: 1859

In addition to a listing of businesses and advertisements, the directory included the elected officials for the city of Leavenworth for 1858-59 and the newspapers published in Leavenworth. A few women are listed as owners of businesses. The information for the directory was compiled by Allen Pierse.

Keywords: Business; Business enterprises; Commerce; Community life; Economic development; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Pierse, Allen; Retail businesses; Town development; Women

Photograph, Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, 1860
Author: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1860

An illustration of Leavenworth when it was six years old, Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, c. 1860.

Keywords: Cities and towns; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Missouri River; Photographs and Illustrations; Steamboats

J.W.H. Golden Rifle
Author: No authors specified.
Date: 1862

Rifle made by J.W.H. Golden while superintendent of the Fort Leavenworth Arsenal, 1862. Golden settled in Leavenworth in October, 1854 and was shot by border ruffians near Tonganoxie on September 6, 1856. The bullet remained in his throat until his death in 1894.

Keywords: Border disputes and warfare; Border ruffians; Firearms; Fort Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Golden, J.W.H.; Guns; Objects; Weapons (see also Guns)

Photograph, William Tecumseh Sherman
Author: Kuhn Bros.
Date:

William Tecumseh Sherman was involved in Leavenworth during the territorial period. He was a partner in a law firm with Thomas Ewing, Jr., who was also his brother-in-law. He was involved in promoting the interests of Leavenworth. He later gained fame as a Civil War General. This photograph was taken after his time in Kansas.

Keywords: Card photographs; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Kuhn Bros.; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Sherman & Ewing; Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891; Town development; Town promotion

Photograph, Daniel Webster Wilder
Author: No authors specified.
Date:

Daniel Webster Wilder was an early Kansas resident and one of its first historians. During the territorial era, he was a resident of Leavenworth and was one of the Kansans at the 1860 Republican National convention in Chicago, Illinois. He compiled the Annals of Kansas, and the territorial portion of this work is available elsewhere on this site.

Keywords: Card photographs; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Republican National Convention (1860 : Chicago, Ill.); Wilder, Daniel Webster, 1832-1911

Photograph, John C. Vaughan
Author: Aldrich's Studio
Date:

John C. Vaughn came to Leavenworth, Kansas Territory in 1859. He served as the editor and publisher of the Leavenworth Times.

Keywords: Aldrich's Studio; Cabinet photographs; Journalism; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth Times; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Photographs and Illustrations; Vaughan, John C.

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General Land Agent and Dealers in Real Estate, Leavenworth City and Lecompton, Kansas Territory
Authors: Akers, Logan, & Co.
Date:  undated
This advertisement was on behalf of Akers, Logan, & Company, describing the services it provided as a real estate company.

Keywords: Akers, Logan and Company; Claims (see Damage claims or Land claims); Immigration and early settlement; Land; Land sales; Land surveys; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Real estate; Real estate business


Letter, Tom [Tho. Ewing, Jr.] to Dear Father [Hon. T. Ewing]
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date:  
Ewing, Jr., wrote from Leavenworth to inform his father about 915 acres of land, "near the Kaw river . . . three & a half miles north east of Topeka," that had just been purchased for him. "The land is beautiful & fertile--and is adjacent to fine bodies of timber in the Kansas Valley. The proximity of the land to Topeka (which will be the Capital, of the state) and to the rail road, which will undoubtedly be built in a few years is to be considered in estimating the value of the land." He also mentioned its proximity to the "great military road to Fort Riley."

Keywords: Denman, Hamp B.; Ewing, Thomas, 1789-1871; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Fort Riley, Kansas Territory; Kansas River, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Military roads; Ozawkie, Kansas Territory; Railroads; Tecumseh, Kansas Territory; Timber claim; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Town site speculation


Meeting Minutes, Leavenworth Association
Authors: Leavenworth Association
Date:  June 22, 1854
The minutes described a meeting in Weston, Missouri at which Leavenworth Town Association members elected officers. George W. Gist was elected president, H. Miles Moore was elected secretary, and Joseph B. Evans was elected treasurer.

Keywords: Evans, Joseph B.; Gist, George W.; Land speculation; Leavenworth Association; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth Town Company; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Minutes; Moore, H. Miles (Henry Miles), b. 1826; Town companies; Weston, Missouri


Letter, C. C. Andrews to John A. Halderman, Esq.
Authors: Andrews, Christopher C.
Date:  June 27, 1854
From Fort Leavenworth, C. C. Andrews wrote a short letter to inform Halderman that "nothing has transpired" at that location during the past week or so but he was certain "that the territory will be populated with a rapidity unparralleled [sic] in the rise of states." Andrews also was sure that men in the legal profession, such as Andrews himself and Halderman, would do quite well financially.

Keywords: Andrews, Christopher C.; Emigration and immigration; Fort Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Halderman, John Adams; Lawyers; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Migration, internal; Settlement


Meeting Minutes, Leavenworth Association
Authors: Leavenworth Association
Date:  July 7, 1854
The Leavenworth Association met "on the tract of the Association's land" in Kansas Territory at the house of G. B. Pauton. The minutes included resolutions requesting the creation of a map showing the specific land claims of each association member and the selection of a town site.

Keywords: Land speculation; Leavenworth Association; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth Town Company; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Minutes; Squatters; Town companies; Town sites


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avenworth,%20Kansas%20Territory.