Immigration and Early SettlementImmigration and Early Settlement > Specific Settlements > Emporia
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Author: Randall, James W.
Date: September 12, 1860
In this letter, James Randall of Emporia, Kansas informed Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, of the drought's effect on the neighboring population. Many families were destitute after the failure of the corn crop and were considering leaving their homes altogether. Mr. Randall hoped that Mr. Hyatt could send aid for the starving settlers.
Keywords: Americus Township, Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory; Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory (see also Lyon County, Kansas); Business; Chase County, Kansas Territory; Clothing and dress; Crops; Droughts; Emporia, Kansas Territory; Famines; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Land claims; Lyon County, Kansas (see also Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory); Randall, James W.; Relief
Photograph of Anna Margaret (Watson) Randolph
Author: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1860s
This photograph is of Anna Margaret (Watson) Randolph, who moved from Ohio to Emporia in 1858. Shortly after her arrival, she married Joseph Vance Randolph with whom she had seven children. Anna was a passionate advocate of the abolition of slavery, and in the years following the Civil War she also supported prohibition and women's suffrage.
Keywords: Randolph, Anna Margaret (Watson)
Photograph, Preston Bierce Plumb
Author: Prince, George
Preston Bierce Plumb was involved in various antislavery events in Kansas Territory. He was involved with the Kansas Volunteers for the Protection of the Ballot Box and was a member of the Leavenworth Constitutional Convention. He was one of the founders of Emporia, Breckenridge County, Kansas Territory. He started the Emporia newspaper called "The Kanzas News."
Keywords: Antislavery; Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory (see also Lyon County, Kansas); Cartes de visite; Constitutions; Emporia, Kansas Territory; Free state activities; Kansas Volunteers; Leavenworth Constitution; Lyon County, Kansas (see also Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory); Militia; Photographs and Illustrations; Plumb, Preston B., 1837-1891; Prince, George
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Authors: Holmes, James H.
Date: April 30, 1857
From Lawrence, on April 30, 1857, Holmes wrote to urge Brown to contact him directly regarding the ominous state of affairs in the territory at that time. Acting governor Frederick Stanton had announced that the "Bogus" laws would be enforced and "The people shout--Never!" Stanton promised "war to the knife and the knife to the hilt."
Keywords: Bogus laws; Border disputes and warfare; Border disputes and warfare - Free state perspective; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Emporia, Kansas Territory; Free state movement (see also Topeka Movement); Holmes, James H.; Stanton, Frederick Perry, 1814-1894; Taxation; Wattles, Augustus
Article, "History, as Espounded by the Supreme Court"
Authors: Plumb, Preston B.
Date: June 6, 1857
This article was printed in the very first edition of the Kanzas News, edited by Preston Plumb and printed in Emporia, Kansas Territory. It included excerpts taken from the May edition of Putnam's Monthly. The article documented the reaction of free soilers to the Dred Scott decision, which was passed by the Supreme Court in March 1857. Since he had lived on free soil for several years, Dred Scott had sued his master in an attempt to gain his freedom. However, the court determined that Dred Scott, and other slaves, were not legal citizens of the United States and therefore could not sue the government. As a result, Scott would remain a slave until his master voluntarily freed him shortly thereafter. This decision also annulled the Missouri Compromise of 1820.
Keywords: African Americans; Antislavery perspective; Dred Scott decision; Emporia, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Plumb, Preston B., 1837-1891; Scott, Dred; Slavery; Slaves; Taney, Roger B.; United States Government; United States. Constitution; United States. Supreme Court
Letter draft, unsigned [Hiram Hill] to Mesrs Ladd [E. D.] & Prentiss [S. B.]
Authors: Hill, Hiram
Date: July 13, 1857
Hiram Hill wrote to E. D. Ladd and S. B. Prentiss in Kansas Territory, requesting that they send information about the drawing for West Lawrence town shares when available, and asking about the prospect of selling town lots there. Hill also inquired about a share of Emporia stock that he had given to Mr. Whitney to pass on to them. He answered their questions regarding maintenance of his rental properties, and confirmed that only "necessary repairs" were to be completed at his expense.
Keywords: Emporia, Kansas Territory; Hill, Hiram; Ladd, Erastus D.; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Prentiss, S.B.; Real estate investment; Steamboats; Town shares; West Lawrence, Kansas Territory
Letter, E. D. Ladd to Mr. H. [Hiram] Hill
Authors: Ladd, Erastus D
Date: September 3, 1857
Erastus Ladd wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts. Ladd asked for Hill's suggestion as to what to do about a delinquent renter. He updated Hill regarding the status of various land investments, and included a note about Samuel Simpson's sale of half of his investment in West Lawrence. Ladd anticipated a free state election, and the development of a railroad line between Lawrence and the Delaware lands.
Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Emporia, Kansas Territory; Free state activities; Hill, Hiram; Ladd, Erastus D.; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Railroads; Real estate investment; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Town development; West Lawrence, Kansas Territory
Letter, J. B. Chapman to Dear Sir [Oscar E. Learnard]
Authors: Chapman, John Butler
Date: September 28, 1858
John B. Chapman wrote from Mandovi, Kansas Territory to Oscar Learnard regarding the location of "prospective Rail Roads" and his efforts toward "making Burlington a point" on the road to Emporia. He mentioned the importance of citizen's support for the construction of the line--"subscription of stock, donations, & credit"--to assure its location and some additional problems faced by the rapid advancement of railroads.
Keywords: Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory (see also Lyon County, Kansas); Burlington, Kansas Territory; Butler, John B.; Coffey County, Kansas Territory; Emporia, Kansas Territory; Learnard, Oscar E., 1832-1911; Lyon County, Kansas (see also Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory); Railroads; Railroads design and construction; Transportation
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