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Immigration and Early Settlement > Specific Settlements > Atchison
18 Topic Specific Items
Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Thaddeus Hyatt
Author: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: May 18, 1857

This brief letter from Samuel Pomeroy to Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee was dated May 18, [1857), from Boston, Massachusetts. Among other business matters, he reported the fact that the two men now owned "one half of the 'Squatter Sovereign' (Stringfellows organ)" and "[Robert] McBratney of Ohio owns the other half--We have hoisted a Free State Flag!"

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Boston, Massachusetts; Business enterprises; Free state; Freedom's Champion; Hyatt, Thaddeus; McBratney, Robert; Proslavery; Squatter Sovereign; Stringfellow, John H.

Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Very Dear Sir, Thaddeus Hyatt
Author: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: July 24, 1857

Writing from Atchison, Pomeroy reported to Hyatt on matters to do with land investments and/or transactions in Atchison and Quindaro and elsewhere. He also commented on the progress of their railroad project and General Calhoun's interest in the same.

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Calhoun, John; Doniphan, Kansas Territory; Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad Company; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Railroads; Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869

Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Dear Hyatt [Thaddeus Hyatt]
Author: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: August 6, 1857

Pomeroy again reports to Hyatt from Atchison regarding various issues having to do with their investments in that town--"the Rail Road matter," which went "well," had led Pomeroy to make tentative plans, it seems, to found a town across the river from Atchison on land he already owned to tie to the Hannibal & St. Joseph Railroad. "If the Rail Road can be put through next season, we can sell [Atchison] lots enough to make such sinners as we are rich as sinners ought to be."

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Calhoun, John; Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad Company; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Railroad promotion; Railroads finance; Town development

Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Dear Hyatt [Thaddeus Hyatt]
Author: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: August 17, 1857

In this letter, written from Atchison, Pomeroy covered a wide range of subjects pertaining to his correspondent and business partner, Thaddeus Hyatt. He explained issues having to do with the "grading" of lots on the levee owned by Theodore Hyatt and also matters pertaining to railroad subscriptions and German immigration to Atchison.

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Businessmen; Emigration and immigration; Germans; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Hyatt, Theodore; Railroads design and construction; Town lots

Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Dear Sir [perhaps, Thaddeus Hyatt]
Author: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: March 10, 1858

On "Kaw Valley Bank" letterhead, Pomeroy wrote regarding the establishment of the bank in Atchison of which Pomeroy was president. The letter appears to be to Thaddeus Hyatt as he makes reference to New York City, which Pomeroy jokingly said was "too far from Kansas to make much of a town."

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Banks and banking; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Kaw Valley Bank; New York; Specie (see Money)

Letter, J. J. I. [John James Ingalls] to Dear Father [Elias T. Ingalls]
Author: Ingalls, John James
Date: December 2, 1858

Ingalls opened this letter with comments on the weather ("the fine days are so beautiful as to compensate for a large amount of ambiguous weather"), problems with shipping freight, and mention of various items of clothing he had received from the family, but he gave considerable attention to the city of Atchison, its newspaper (Freedom's Champion) and its growth. Sumner compared favorably, as to future prospects, in Ingalls's estimation, with the location of future railroads the key to success. He also encouraged his father to make a spring visit so he could assess for himself "the opportunities for business and the prospects of progress" in this "most important party of the continent."

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Business enterprises; Clothing and dress; Freedom's Champion; Freight and freightage; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; Newspapers - Free State; Newspapers - Pro-slavery; Railroads; Squatter Sovereign; Weather

Circular to Kansas Emigrants
Author: Beidler, Harry M.
Date: cira 1858

This printed circular was written by Harry M. Beidler and promoted the advantages of Atchison, Kansas Territory as a shipping point as well as a city in which to locate. There is a map at the top of the page showing the distance from Atchison to various points in Kansas. The advertisement indicated that Atchison was the closest river town to various communities, particularly thos on the Kansas river. It discussed that Atchison was to have the first railroad connection in Kansas Territory. Beidler described the city and its various businesses. A table set into the document showed who had shipped goods through Atchison, the destination of those goods, the number of wagons used, and the poundage of merchandise shipped.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Beidler, Harry M.; Emigration and immigration; Freight and freightage; Maps; Missouri River; Natural resources; Transportation

Photograph, Methodist Church, Atchison, Kansas Territory
Author: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1859

View of the Methodist Church, the first church built in Atchison, Kansas Territory. It was erected in the spring of 1859, on the corner of Fifth and Parallel near the Atchison County Courthouse. Abraham Lincoln addressed the people of Atchison in this church on December 2, 1859.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison buildings; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Cartes de visite; Churches; Methodist Church; Photographs and Illustrations

Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to My dear good little man [Thaddeus Hyatt]
Author: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: February 14, 1859

Responding to Hyatt's letter of February 2 in which he seems to have authorized the sale of the "Lightfoot," Pomeroy discussed that potential deal and others, regarding the growth and development of Atchison. Pomeroy also discussed making loans at up to 10 percent per month, informed Hyatt that "the Cars run through to St. Jo. To day for the first time," and painted a very optimistic picture of Atchison's prosperity and future prospects. The letter was signed, "Your 'fat belly' friend . . ."

Keywords: Atchison and St. Joseph Railroad; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Banks and banking; Lightfoot (steamboat); Loans; Missouri River; Pikes Peak gold rush; Railroads; St. Joseph, Missouri; Steamboats

Atchison City Directory, and Business Mirror for 1859-60, Containing the Name and Residence of Every Male Citizen, a Business Mirror, and an Appendix of Much Useful Information
Author: Sutherland & McEvoy
Date: 1859

This was the first City Directory published for Atchison. In addition to advertisements, a street directory, and information about various civic institutions in Atchison, it also contained an historical sketch of the city written by Dr. J. H. Stringfellow, one of Atchison's "earliest pioneers." Some women are listed in the directory if they operated a business such as a boarding house, if they had a job, or, apparently, if they were widowed or unmarried. The "business mirror" section listed individual businesses grouped by the type of business or profession. The appendix included a listing of city and county officials.

Keywords: Advertisements; Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Business; Business enterprises; Commerce; Community life; Economic development; Retail businesses; Stringfellow, John H.; Town development; Women

Photograph, Atchison, Kansas Territory
Author: C. H. Masters, Photographer, Corner of 4th and Commercial Streets, Atchison, KS.
Date: c. 1860

View of Commercial Street, Atchison, Kansas Territory. The photograph was taken by C. H. Masters, who had a business at the corner of 4th and Commercial Streets, Atchison, Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison buildings; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Business enterprises; Cartes de visite; Cities and towns; Commerce; Masters, C. H.; Photographs and Illustrations; Streets

Photograph, Atchison, Kansas Territory, c. 1860
Author: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1860

View of the main street showing stores and early forms of transportation, Atchison, Kansas Territory, c. 1860.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison buildings; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Business enterprises; C. Weber & Bro's Clothing House; Cities and towns; Commerce; Covered wagons; Photographs and Illustrations; Streets; Wagons

Photograph, Atchison, Kansas Territory
Author: C. H. Masters, Photographer, Corner of 4th and Commercial Street, Atchison, KS.
Date: c. 1860

View of businesses and houses in Atchison, Kansas Territory. The photograph was taken by C. H. Masters, who had a business on the corner of 4th and Commercial Street, Atchison, Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison buildings; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Business enterprises; Cartes de visite; Cities and towns; Commerce; Houses; Masters, C. H.; Photographs and Illustrations; Streets

Photograph, Atchison, Kansas Territory
Author: C. H. Masters, Photographer, Corner of 4th and Commercial Streets, Atchison, KS.
Date: c. 1860

View of Kansas Avenue at Fourth Street looking north, Atchison, Kansas Territory. The photograph was taken by C. H. Masters, who had a business at the corner of 4th and Commercial Streets, Atchison, Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison buildings; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Business enterprises; Cartes de visite; Cities and towns; Commerce; Masters, C. H.; Photographs and Illustrations; Streets

Photograph, Atchison, Kansas Territory, c. 1860
Author: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1860

View of Atchison, Kansas Territory, looking southwest, c. 1860

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison buildings; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Business enterprises; Cities and towns; Commerce; Houses; Photographs and Illustrations; Streets

Photograph, Atchison, Kansas Territory, c. 1860
Author: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1860

View of the main street showing stores and early transportation, Atchison, Kansas Territory, c. 1860.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison buildings; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Business enterprises; Cities and towns; Commerce; Photographs and Illustrations; Streets; Wagons

Photograph, Atchison, Kansas Territory
Author: C. H. Masters, Photographer, Corner of 4th and Commercial Street, Atchison, KS.
Date: c. 1860

View of a residential area between 29th and 30th Streets north of Commercial Street. The photograph was taken by C. H. Masters, who had a business at the corner of 4th and Commercial Streets, Atchison, Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison buildings; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Cartes de visite; Cities and towns; Houses; Masters, C. H.; Photographs and Illustrations

Letter, J. J. I. [John James Ingalls] to Dear Father [Elias T. Ingalls]
Author: Ingalls, John James
Date: August 21, 1860

The biggest share of this 8-page letter is devoted to comments on the weather and the environment, in and around Atchison, where Ingalls now had a law practice (for a time, he continued to live in Sumner). He missed some aspects of "Massachusetts weather," but overall he thought Kansas superior: "I have not had a cold in six months and but one or two since I came here . . . [and] The attacks of melancholy and despondency to which I was once a prey have also almost entirely disappeared." Ingalls also wrote of two arson fires--"a large grocery house" and "the steamer Hesperian," and the expected fate of the suspect then in custody.

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Fires; Health; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; Judicial system (see Courts); Lynch, Judge; Massachusetts; Steamboats; Vigilance committees; Weather

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Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Thaddeus Hyatt
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date:  May 18, 1857
This brief letter from Samuel Pomeroy to Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee was dated May 18, [1857), from Boston, Massachusetts. Among other business matters, he reported the fact that the two men now owned "one half of the 'Squatter Sovereign' (Stringfellows organ)" and "[Robert] McBratney of Ohio owns the other half--We have hoisted a Free State Flag!"

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Boston, Massachusetts; Business enterprises; Free state; Freedom's Champion; Hyatt, Thaddeus; McBratney, Robert; Proslavery; Squatter Sovereign; Stringfellow, John H.


Finance Committee's Schedule of Kanzas Property owned by the N. E. Em. Aid Co.
Authors: New England Emigrant Aid Company Finance Committee
Date:  May 26, 1857
A summary listing of the real property owned by the New England Emigrant Aid Company in Kansas. The report lists the estimated value of each property, with the total value being $112, 400.

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Burlington, Kansas Territory; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Financial statements; Hotels; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Mills and mill-work; New England Emigrant Aid Company; New England Emigrant Aid Company Finance Committee; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Real estate; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Town shares; Wabaunsee, Kansas Territory


Agreement, between Pomeroy and Theodore Hyatt
Authors: No authors specified.
Date:  June 29, 1857
"This agreement made this 29th day of June 1857 Between Samuel C. Pomeroy of the City of Atchison Kansas Territory. . .and Theodore Hyatt of the City of New York" addressed the conveyance of certain portions of city lots in Atchison and other land to the latter, as well as "one half of said Pomeroy's interest in the Squatter Sovereign," etc. In exchange Pomeroy received several thousand dollars.

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Hyatt, Theodore; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Speculation; Squatter Sovereign; Town lots


Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Very Dear Sir, Thaddeus Hyatt
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date:  July 24, 1857
Writing from Atchison, Pomeroy reported to Hyatt on matters to do with land investments and/or transactions in Atchison and Quindaro and elsewhere. He also commented on the progress of their railroad project and General Calhoun's interest in the same.

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Calhoun, John; Doniphan, Kansas Territory; Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad Company; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Railroads; Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869


Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Dear Hyatt [Thaddeus Hyatt]
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date:  August 6, 1857
Pomeroy again reports to Hyatt from Atchison regarding various issues having to do with their investments in that town--"the Rail Road matter," which went "well," had led Pomeroy to make tentative plans, it seems, to found a town across the river from Atchison on land he already owned to tie to the Hannibal & St. Joseph Railroad. "If the Rail Road can be put through next season, we can sell [Atchison] lots enough to make such sinners as we are rich as sinners ought to be."

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Calhoun, John; Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad Company; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Railroad promotion; Railroads finance; Town development


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chison,%20Kansas%20Territory.