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Immigration and Early Settlement > Community Life > Education/Schools
55 Topic Specific Items
Circular, Lawrence University
Author: Lawrence University
Date: c. 1859

This circular was written by the Board of Trustees of Lawrence University to inform the people of Kansas of the establishment of a university in Lawrence. Included in the letter are courses of study for various departments, tuition costs, board and lodging costs, scholarship information, faculty, and description of the school. The Board of Trustees also emphasized the fact that Lawrence was a thriving city, and it was "already distinguished in the Territory for its superior educational advantages." For further information about the college, the circular referred readers to William Bishop, corresponding secretary, or to Dr. C. E. Miner, president of the Board of Trustees.

Keywords: Bishop, William; Blood, James; Circulars; Education; Lawrence Republican; Lawrence University; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; School buildings; Universities and colleges

Constitution of the Descandum Kansas Improvement Company
Author: Soule, A.
Date: 1855

The document contained seven articles which related to the purpose of the company and how to become a member. This company sought to improve Kansas Territory by civilizing and enlightening the settlers. It was signed by the treasurer of the company. The organization appeared to be a satirical one, perhaps aimed at the various emigrant aid companies.

Keywords: Descandum Kansas Improvement Company; Immigration and early settlement; Kansas Frontier; Religion; Soule, Amasa; Stock certificates

Letter, Isaac T. Goodnow to My Dear Ellen [Goodnow]
Author: Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894
Date: August 4, 1856

Isaac Goodnow wrote from Rhode Island, as he was traveling on the East Coast, to his wife in Kansas Territory, reporting on his efforts to fundraise for the creation of a college in the Territory. Goodnow thought he should "be able to put the college, through right, by staying East long enough." He made mention of contribution amounts he had garnered already, and was sending the cash home.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Education; Goodnow, Ellen; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Travel; Universities and colleges

Letter, W. F. M. Arny to Governor [John White] Geary
Author: Arny, W F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881
Date: December 8, 1856

This broadside of a letter by W. F. M. Arny was written to Governor Geary about the need for education in Kansas. Arny, an agent with the National Kansas Committee, proposed the creation of three funds: a university fund, a seminary fund, and a common school fund. Within the university structure, he proposed a normal school, an agricultural and horticultural school, and a mechanical school. He thought that it would be best to ask Congress for land for schools.

Keywords: Agriculture; Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Congress (See United States. Congress); Education; Geary, John White, 1819-1873; National Kansas Committee; Schools; Teachers; Teaching; Universities and colleges

Letter, Ephm. Nute to Dear Fr. [Amos A. Lawrence]
Author: Nute, Ephraim
Date: January 5, 1857

Transcription of a letter from the Amos Adams Lawrence Collection, Massachusetts Historical Society. Ephraim Nute, minister of the Lawrence Unitarian Church, wrote to Amos A. Lawrence in Massachusetts, regarding the subject of a college. A well-attended town meeting had been held in which the idea had been discussed, though all seemed only "a castle in the air" but for Lawrence's "liberal offer" (presumably of funding) which was the "first step toward the realization of his project." The general opinion of the people was that the college should be constructed outside the town limits "on the high prairie or table land." Nute also mentioned the steps being taken to establish free public schools in the city, of upper and lower grades.

Keywords: Education; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Nute, Ephraim; Religion; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; School buildings; Teachers; Town development; Universities and colleges

Letter, Amos A. Lawrence to Charles Robinson and S.C. Pomeroy
Author: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: February 14, 1857

A. A. Lawrence, writing from Boston, sent a letter along with notes and stock valued at $12,696.14 to Charles Robinson and S.C. Pomeroy, who were acting as Trustees of Lawrence University. He instructed that the money be held in trust, with the intrest income to be used "for the advancement of religious and intellectual education of the young in Kansas." However, Lawrence added that he wanted the funds returned to him if Kansas should not become a free state after its acceptance into the Union.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Education; Lawrence University; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Universities and colleges

Letter, E. Nute to Mr. [Amos Adams] Lawrence
Author: Nute, Ephraim
Date: March 4, 1857

Transcription of a letter from the Amos Adams Lawrence Collection, Massachusetts Historical Society. In a letter marked "private", Ephraim Nute wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to Amos A. Lawrence in Massachusetts. Nute responded to Lawrence's suggestion that the college sit on the "broad table land on Mt. Oread or Capitol hill"; he supported the idea but feared that issues surrounding the land title would compromise the plan. Nute agreed with Lawrence about the importance of establishing schools, but he also concerned that the current political situation was not conducive to it, as the Territorial government was in the hands of "usurpers". He felt that "only one life now stands between us and the reopening of the civil war."

Keywords: Bogus legislature; Border disputes and warfare; Land claims; Land titles; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Mount Oread; Nute, Ephraim; Proslavery supporters

Methodist Episcopal Church in Kansas, Educational Convention
Author: Oakley, Walter
Date: March 17-18, 1857

This item described an education convention held by the Methodist Episcopal Church in Kansas at Blue Mound, Kansas Territory. The purpose of the convention was to "found a University." L. B. Dennis was chosen as the chairman and Walter Oakley was the secretary. The document stated the need for the university and indicated that proposals had been received from the towns of Blue Mound, Prairie City, Centropolis, Topeka, Palmyra, and Lawrence. The proposal from Palmyra was accepted and they promised to provide eight hundred acres of land and to purchase $20,000 in "university stock." The institution founded by this convention was named Baker University and the town of Palmyra became Baldwin City. An association was set up to support the "erection and endowment" of the university.

Keywords: Baker University; Baldwin, Kansas Territory; Blue Mound, Kansas Territory; Dennis, Levin B.; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Education; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Oakley, Walter; Palmyra, Kansas Territory`; Schools

Letter, Amos A. Lawrence to My Dear Sir [John Brown]
Author: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: March 20, 1857

While John Brown was touring the East in March of 1857 he received this letter from Amos Lawrence, Boston, who informed Brown that he (Lawrence) had recently "sent to Kansas near $14,000 to establish a fund" for the support of common and secondary schools. As a result, Lawrence wrote he was short of cash and could not give Brown what he had requested. Nevertheless, "in case anything shd occur while you are engaged in a great & good to shorten yr life, you may be assured that yr wife and children shall be cared for more liberally than you now propose."

Keywords: Brown, John, 1800-1859; Brown, Mary Ann Day, 1816-1884; Education; Free state cause; Free state supporters; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886

Letter, unsigned [Isaac Goodnow] to My Dearest Ellen [Goodnow]
Author: Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894
Date: April 15, 1857

Isaac Goodnow wrote from Nebraska City, Nebraska Territory, to his wife Ellen in Kansas Territory. Goodnow was traveling in order to raise money and support for the construction of a college in Manhattan. He was positive about the prospects, but also felt the whole endeavor was an "uphill business." Goodnow thought that, with his friend Joseph Denison as General Financial Agent, the idea would go through.

Keywords: Denison, Joseph; Education; Goodnow, Ellen; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Nebraska City, Nebraska Territory; Universities and colleges

Letter, Joseph Denison to Dear Bro. [Isaac] Goodnow
Author: Denison, Joseph
Date: May 6, 1857

Joseph Denison wrote from Parkville, Missouri, to Isaac Goodnow, who was traveling . Denison reported that his solicitations for support of a college in Manhattan, Kansas Territory, had recently been well received. Among the interested parties were C. Evans and P. Judson of Evanstan, Illinois, who had been successful in building up Northwestern University in that area. Samuel Pomeroy also conveyed his interest, having pledged an investment to the cause on behalf of the New England Emigrant Aid Company.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Denison, Joseph; Education; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Universities and colleges

Letter, E. B. Whitman to My dear [Franklin B.] Sanborn
Author: Whitman, E. B.
Date: May 18, 1857

In his May 18 report to Franklin Sanborn, agent Whitman of Lawrence again cast shame on Massachusetts for its failure to provided needed financial support for the cause in Kansas but focused on his efforts to provide aid for "the school project." Whitman claimed credit for establishing both an elementary school and a high school, the latter of which "is fast becoming a Model," and he hoped his financing would not disappear. He also comments on the political situation, especially the fact that Charles Robinson had "to a large extent" lost the "confidence" of the people.

Keywords: Chicago, Illinois; Education; Free state support; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Massachusetts; National Kansas Committee; Sanborn, F. B. (Franklin Benjamin), 1831-1917; Stanton, Frederick Perry, 1814-1894; Topeka Legislature (see Free state legislature); Whitman, E. B.

Articles of Agreement and Specifications, Topeka School House Construction
Author: New England Emigrant Aid Company
Date: June 9, 1857

Charles H. Branscomb, acting on behalf of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, contracted with Abner Doane to construct a school house on Harrison St. in Topeka. Detailed construction specifications for the school house were included as part of the agreement.

Keywords: Branscomb, Charles H.; Construction; Doane, Abner; Education; New England Emigrant Aid Company; School buildings; Schools; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka, Kansas Territory

Resolution of the Boston Preacher's Meeting
Author: No authors specified.
Date: July 20, 1857

This resolution, "unanimously adopted" by the members of the Boston Preacher's Meeting, approved the establishment of Blue Mont Central College near Manhattan, Kansas Territory, by Reverend Joseph Denison, an "old friend" of the Boston Preachers. Denison had emigrated to K.T. following Isaac Goodnow, and was working with him to obtain support for the college.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Boston, Massachusetts; Denison, Joseph; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Religious communities; Riley County, Kansas Territory

Letter, E. [Ephraim] Nute to [Edward Everett] Hale
Author: Nute, Ephraim
Date: August 3, 1857

Rev. Ephraim Nute, minister of the Lawrence Unitarian Church, wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory to Edward Everett Hale, a member of the New England Emigrant Aid Company's Executive Committee. Nute described efforts to establish a high school in Lawrence as well as a university in Kansas Territory. He also advised Hale to pay close attention to the activities of Francis Serenbetz, a German Congregational minister who was the leader of a group of German immigrants who settled in Humboldt, Kansas Territory. In Nute's opinion, Serenbetz was an "unmitigated humbug and nuisance" who came to Kansas for self-interested reasons. Nute urged Hale to stop sending settlers to Kansas who lacked financial resources or a willingness to work to support themselves.

Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Education; Election, Topeka Constitution, August 1857; Elections; Emigrant aid companies; Germans; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Nute, Ephraim; Schools; Serenbetz, Francis M.; Topeka Constitution; Universities and colleges

Letter, S. M. Irvin to Dear Sir [Gen. John Bayless]
Author: Irvin, S.M.
Date: October 26, 1857

S. M. Irvin, a member of the Highland Town Company, wrote from Highland, Kansas Territory to John Bayless, President of the Company and future Superintendent of Schools in Doniphan County. Irvin discussed different options regarding the development of an "educational company" and seminarian schools. Irvin also looked ahead to other aspects of town development, and stated that it would be advantageous to find a mechanic to buy and run the local mill.

Keywords: Bayless, George; Doniphan County, Kansas Territory; Education; Highland, Kansas Territory; Irvin, Samuel M.; Presbyterian Church; School buildings; Town development; Town shares

Letter, Chauncey Shaffer to Brother Denison
Author: Shaffer, Chauncey
Date: October 27, 1857

This letter from Chauncey Shaffer, a New York attorney, to Joseph Denison, an agent for Bluemont College, is one example of many letters received by Denison and Isaac Goodnow which pledged monetary support for the creation of the college in Manhattan, Kansas Territory. In this case, Shaffer would do his best to raise $5000, but cautioned against expecting too much, as tough financial times were upon them.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Denison, Joseph; Economic conditions; Universities and colleges

Letter, J. H. Noteware to His Excellency Gov. [James W.] Denver
Author: Noteware, James H.
Date: March 5, 1858

James H. Noteware, superintendent of schools for Kansas Territory, wrote from Leavenworth, Kansas Territory to Governor James W. Denver seeking the governor's support for his effort to establish a school system in the territory.

Keywords: Denver, James William, 1817-1892; Education; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Noteware, James H.; Schools

Letter, Isaac T. Goodnow to Hon. Eli Thayer
Author: Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894
Date: May 24, 1858

Isaac T. Goodnow wrote from Manhattan, Kansas Territory to Eli Thayer in Worcester, Massachusetts. Goodnow asked Thayer for his support for Bluemont Central College (predecessor to Kansas State University), a college chartered near Manhattan which would have "an Agricultural Department of a most thorough practical character." Goodnow asserted that "now when the victory [for free staters] in the main is won" it was time to focus attention on schools and churches.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Education; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Lecompton Constitution; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Universities and colleges

Letter, T. M. Eddy to the Officers of _____ R.R.
Author: Eddy, T.M.
Date: July 2, 1858

This letter written by T. M. Eddy, is an example of many letters of introduction written on the behalf of Isaac Goodnow. Goodnow, recently emigrated to Kansas Territory, was traveling extensively in the East in order to raise money for the construction of a new college in Manhattan. He succeeded in founding Bluemont College, which was a precursor to Kansas State University. Letters like these would have increased Goodnow's credibility when meeting new potential investors.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Travel; Universities and colleges

Letter, Thomas H. Webb to Dear Sir [Isaac Goodnow]
Author: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: July 21, 1858

Thomas Webb, Secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, wrote to Isaac Goodnow, indicating his overwhelming approval for the creation of a college in Manhattan, Kansas Territory, not knowing of a "more beautiful and eligible spot than the one selected." Webb communicated his pride in the fact that a Free State supporter would be the one to initiate such a project, and told Goodnow he had recently received a $12,000 donation from a Massachussetts man, which was to support the college.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Free state supporters; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Landscape; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Universities and colleges; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866

Resolution of the New England Emigrant Aid Company
Author: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: September 13, 1858

Thomas Webb drafted this copy of a resolution adopted by the New England Emigrant Aid Company Executive Committee, which moved to allow Isaac Goodnow to sell twenty Manhattan town lots owned by the Company, with 50% of the proceeds going to support Goodnow's fund to support the founding of a college in Manhattan, Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Town lots; Universities and colleges; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866

Indenture, purchase of town lots by Bluemont College Trustees
Author: No authors specified.
Date: December 21, 1858

This indenture outlines the terms of a sale of thirteen acres of land, sold by Thomas and Eleanor Wells to the Trustees of the Bluemont Central College Association, which included as its members Joseph Denison, Isaac Goodnow, Samuel D. Houston, Washington Marlott, C.E. Blood, and William A. McCullow.

Keywords: Blood, C.E.; Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Denison, Joseph; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Houston, Samuel D.; Land sales; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Marlott, Washington; McCullow, William A.; Riley County, Kansas Territory

Pamphlet, Report of Samuel W. Greer, Territorial Superintendent of Common Schools
Author: Greer, Samuel W
Date: December 30, 1858

Samuel Greer, having been appointed Territorial Superintendent of Public Instruction by the Free State Party's Central Committee only four months before, reported on the status of the public education system in the Territory. Greer emphasized that perfection should not be anticipated as K.T. had little financial revenue to contribute at that time. He proposed dividing the school system by municipal townships and sub-districts for easier management. Greer did however find praise for the school in Lawrence, relating that "the best order prevails. . .the scholars. . .are advancing rapidly in their studies", and referring to the school as example to "awaken a spirit of generous emulation in other parts of the Territory."

Keywords: Economic conditions; Education; Greer, Samuel Wiley; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Schools; Superintendent of Public Instruction; Taxation

Circular, Lawrence University
Author: Bishop, William ; Board of Trustees of Lawrence University; Miner, Dr. C. E.
Date: ca. 1858

Advertisement for the development and opening of Lawrence University. Outlines Faculty members, subjects, and academic programs that will be available, as well as fee schedules.

Keywords: Bishop, William; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Education; Landscape; Lawrence University; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Teachers

Letter, Isaac T. Goodnow to Rev. E. E. Hale
Author: Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894
Date: February 10, 1859

Isaac T. Goodnow wrote from Manhattan, Kansas Territory to Edward Everett Hale, member of the New England Emigrant Aid Company's Executive Committee. Goodnow informed Hale about plans to establish Bluemont Central College (predecessor to Kansas State University) just west of Manhattan, Kansas Territory. He asserted that the college would only add to Manhattan's other advantages -- being on the "natural route of the Pacific" railroad and on the shortest route to the Pike's Peak gold mines. Goodnow asked Hale for a contribution to the building fund for the college.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Education; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Pikes Peak gold rush; Railroads; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Town promotion; Universities and colleges

Letter, H. H. Ropes to My Dear Sir [George Collamore]
Author: Ropes, H.H.
Date: April 13, 1859

H. H. Ropes, from a town of Bedford in New England, wrote to George Collamore in Kansas Territory, discussing [presumably] Collamore's children. Ropes inquired as to the health of Collamore's baby, and proposed several options regarding the continuance of Collamore's son, Hoffman. Ropes added that his book "Cranston House" would be published at the first of May.

Keywords: Children; Collamore, George W.; Daily life; Education; Massachusetts; Ropes, H.H.

Resolution of the Kansas and Nebraska Annual Conference
Author: No authors specified.
Date: April 16, 1859

This copy of a resolution, drafted by the Kansas and Nebraska Annual Conference of Omaha City, Nebraska Territory, resolved to approve the efforts of the Trustees of Bluemont Cental College in Manhattan, Kansas Territory, to "erect a noble college edifice" and to support Isaac Goodnow's continuation as Agent.

Keywords: Blood, C.E.; Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Denison, Joseph; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Houston, Samuel D.; Kansas and Nebraska Annual Conference; McCullow, William A.

Contract, Isaac Goodnow and Jasher H. Brous for constrution of college building
Author: Brous, Jasher ; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894
Date: April 19, 1859

This document outlines an agreement between Isaac T. Goodnow, Agent for Bluemont Central College, and Jasher H. Brous, for construction of a College building. It includes details of individual rooms and specifications of the entire building, as well as a schedule for payments that would be made to Brous.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Brous, Jasher H.; Business enterprises; Construction; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Pottawatomie County, Kansas Territory; Riley County, Kansas Territory; School buildings

Letter, John Pipher to All Whom it may concern
Author: Pipher, John
Date: April 20, 1859

John Pipher, President of the Board of Trustees of the Methodist Episcopal Church in Manhattan, Kansas Territory, wrote a generic letter of recommendation on the behalf of Isaac Goodnow, "Agent to raise funds for Bluemont College." This letter promoted the College as providing for the "Religious & Literary welfare of the Youth of Kansas", and would lend Goodnow credibility when traveling out of the Territory to solicit donations.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Education; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Pipher, John; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Universities and colleges

Contract, Isaac Goodnow and Clark W. Lewis for construction of college building
Author: Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Lewis, Clark W.
Date: April 27, 1859

This document outlines an agreement between Isaac Goodnow, Agent for Bluemont Central College in Manhattan, Kansas Territory, and Clark Lewis of Pottawattomie County. Lewis was to construct a second College building, an "edifice of stone." The indenture describes in detail the building's specifications, completion date of contruction, and the schedule of payments due to Lewis for his labor and materials.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Construction; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Lewis, Clark W.; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Pottawatomie County, Kansas Territory; Riley County, Kansas Territory; School buildings

Letter, Henry L. Denison to My Dear Uncle [Joseph Denison]
Author: Denison, Henry
Date: May 11, 1859

Henry Denison wrote from Manhattan, Kansas Territory, to his uncle, Joseph Denison, who was traveling away from home. Henry reported that the cornerstone of Bluemont College had been laid the day before, and described the festivities, including speeches and the planting of a kind of time capsule behind the cornerstone. He added that crops had sprouted and were growing beautifully; emigrants continued to pass through on their way to Pikes Peak.

Keywords: Blood, C.E.; Bluemont Central College; Celebrations; Crops; Denison, Henry; Denison, Joseph; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Pikes Peak gold rush; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Riley County, Kansas Territory

Letter, I. T. Goodnow to Dear Br. [Joseph] Denison
Author: Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894
Date: May 16, 1859

Isaac Goodnow wrote from his travels in New England to Joseph Denison. Goodnow was concerned that the finances of the College were being handled carelessly, as he had received word that city taxes had been paid on College lots when it was his understanding they were not even eligible to be taxed. He also stressed that the building supply accounts be kept organized. Goodnow included checks amounting to $150 with his letter to Denison.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Denison, Joseph; Finance; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Marlott, Washington; Taxation

Letter, Thomas H. Webb to M. F. Conway
Author: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: May 31, 1859

Thomas H. Webb, secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, wrote from Boston, Massachusetts to Martin F. Conway, general agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company in Kansas Territory. Webb informed Conway that the Company's Executive Committee had approved Isaac Goodnow's request for a donation for Bluemont College in Manhattan, Kansas Territory. Bluemont College later became Kansas State University.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Conway, Martin Franklin; Education; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Schools; Universities and colleges; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866

Letter, Geo. S. Park to I. T. Goodnow
Author: Park, George S.
Date: June 7, 1859

George Park wrote from Parkville, Missouri, to Isaac Goodnow in New York City. Park confessed to Goodnow that he would not be able to pay into their investments this season, on account of hard economic times. However, he was willing to sell his property in Manhattan, which had been a "continual drain" on him from the beginning. Park criticized Goodnow's efforts: "I think you are too fast That country hardly wants a college yet. We perhaps had better have waited until times are better."

Keywords: Business enterprises; Economic conditions; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Park, George S.; Parkville, Missouri; Pikes Peak gold rush; Real estate investment; Town lots; Universities and colleges

Letter, Joseph Denison to Dear Bro. [Isaac] Goodnow
Author: Denison, Joseph
Date: June 8, 1859

Joseph Denison wrote from Manhattan, Kansas Territory, to Isaac Goodnow, who was traveling in New England. Denison reported recent college construction expenditures to Goodnow, illustrating his attempts to "financier as faithfully and as economically" as he could, and updated his on the construction's progress. He encouraged Goodnow to sell city lots and obtain land warrants, both of which were in high demand.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Construction; Denison, Joseph; Finance; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Riley County, Kansas Territory; School buildings; Steamboats; de Vivaldi, Charles F.

Letter of endorsement from N. P. Banks
Author: Banks, N.P.
Date: June 15, 1859

N. P. Banks wrote a general letter of endorsement supporting the construction of Bluemont Central College, currently in progress. This recommendation would better Isaac Goodnow's credibility and reputation as he continued to solicit donations and investors to support the College.

Keywords: Banks, N. P.; Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Universities and colleges

Letter, Isaac T. Goodnow to William Claflin, Esq.
Author: Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894
Date: June 16, 1859

Isaac T. Goodnow, traveling in New England, wrote to William Claflin. Goodnow told Claflin that he and Joseph Denison wished to honor him by naming their first building at Bluemont Central College "Claflin Hall". He promoted the College as to become the Harvard College of Central Kansas, and emphasized that Claflin would get more for his money investing in a "rising state" than he would in an older state.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Claflin, William; Denison, Joseph; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; School buildings; Universities and colleges

Letter, Joseph Denison to Dear Br. [Isaac] Goodnow
Author: Denison, Joseph
Date: September 7, 1859

Joseph Denison wrote from Soldier Creek, Jackson County, K.T., to Isaac Goodnow. Denison reported on the construction of the Bluemont College building, advising him that the lower floor would need plastering before classes could be held there in the coming winter. He recounted the sinking of the steamer "Gus Linn", which was carrying building supplies for the College, on a sandbar in the Kansas River. Denison also recommended that Goodnow see about purchasing a common seal for the Trustees of Bluemont College to use on legal documents.

Keywords: Blood, C.E.; Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Construction; Denison, Joseph; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; House furnishings; Jackson County, Kansas Territory (see also Calhoun County, Kansas Territory); Kansas River, Kansas Territory; School buildings; Steamboats

Letter, Ivison & Phinney American Educational Publishing House to Rev. Isaac T. Goodnow
Author: Ivison & Phinney, American Educational Publishing House
Date: October 20, 1859

This letter, written by Ivison & Phinney of the American Educational Publishing House on illustrated letterhead, confirmed that a shipment of textbook samples had been sent to Isaac Goodnow. The books were to be incorporated into Bluemont College's library; the publishing house hoped this promotion would lead to future textbook purchases by Goodnow.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Books; Business enterprises; Education; Ivison & Phinney, American Educational Publishing House

Letter, C. Robinson to My Dear Sir [Amos A. Lawrence]
Author: Robinson, Charles
Date: November 12, 1859

Transcription of a letter from the Amos Adams Lawrence Collection, Massachusetts Historical Society. Charles Robinson wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to Amos A. Lawrence in Massachusetts, expressing his concern that Lawrence's name was not included on a college proposal submitted by S.N. Simpson, which indicated he was not among the supporters of the enterprise. Robinson mentioned the upcoming election for Territorial delegate to Congress, in which Marcus Parrott, a Republican, was a favorite. He also sought advice from Lawrence about a complicated financial matter.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Elections; Finance; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Pikes Peak, Kansas Territory; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Real estate investment; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Universities and colleges

Report of the Territorial Superintendent of Common Schools
Author: Greer, Samuel W
Date: December 31, 1859

This printed report was submitted to the Kansas Territorial Legislature by Gov. Medary on January 4, 1860. S. W. Greer, the Territorial Superintendent of Common Schools reported that fifteen counties had submitted reports and schools were taught in 136 districts comprising 7,029 children. He reported on how he visited school districts and included some information on various types of schools in the state. He wrote that the pay for the superintendent was inadequate, due to the value of territorial scrip being worth 30 cents on the dollor. He indicated that he had to use $500 of his own funds in the past year. He wrote about the need to establish normal schools (for training teachers) and to hold teachers' institutes. He wanted to increase the standards for teacher qualifications. He also discussed various aspects of educational methodologies of the period. He included short reports from the following counties: Douglas, Anderson, Jackson, Nemaha, and Osage as well as some statistics from all organized counties. This report was taken from the Journal of the House of Representatives, Kansas Territory, 1859, pages 34 through 82.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Anderson County, Kansas Territory; Community life; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Greer, Samuel Wiley; Jackson County, Kansas Territory (see also Calhoun County, Kansas Territory); Kansas Territory. Legislature; Native Americans; Nemaha County, Kansas Territory; Osage County, Kansas Territory; School buildings; Superintendent of Public Instruction

Report of the Territorial Superintendent of Common Schools, Kansas, 1859
Author: Greer, Samuel W
Date: 1859

This report, compared with that from the preceding year, demonstrates the rapid evolution of the public school system in Kansas Territory. Samuel Greer, Territorial Superintendent, included information regarding his own efforts, teacher's institutions and qualifications, private and Indian schools, female seminaries, colleges and universities, school libraries, and recommended curricula and textbooks, among other topics. Greer's report also published the individual reports from each County Superintendent.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Books; Education; Greer, Samuel Wiley; Kansas Territory; Libraries; Schools; Superintendent of Public Instruction; Teachers; Universities and colleges; Women

Letter, Wm R. Clark to Dear Bro. [Isaac] Goodnow
Author: Clark, William
Date: February 29, 1860

William Clark wrote from New England to Isaac Goodnow in Manhattan, Kansas Territory. Clark responded to a letter sent to him earlier by Goodnow, in which Goodnow asked Clark if he would act as a financial officer of Bluemont College. Clark admitted he did have reasons that might motivate him to accept, but added that he had "so little adaptation as to that [work] of begging money." He also feared, considering the present economic conditions in New England and within the Methodist Church, that he would not be successful in garnering any support for a College in Kansas Territory, as local interests currently prevailed. Clark declined the appointment.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Economic conditions; Finance; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Methodist Church; Universities and colleges

Statement, William H. Goode for Bluemont College
Author: Goode, William H.
Date: March 19, 1860

Isaac Goodnow obtained this written endorsement of Bluemont College from William H. Goode, which emphasized both the need that Manhattan had for the College and the beneficial influence it would have on the community. Perhaps this support was solicited in response to William R. Clark's letter of February 29, in which he refused to act as financial officer for the College partly because he believed the area had no need for such an institution.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Goode, William H.; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Universities and colleges

Statement, Rev. W. R. Davis for Bluemont College
Author: Davis, W.R.
Date: May 20, 1860

W. R. Davis, President of Baker University in Baldwin City, Kansas Territory, composed this statement, which declared that Bluemont College, founded by Isaac Goodnow, would "not interfere with the legitimate work of Baker University." Davis too believed that the College fulfilled a "great want" in the new Territory.

Keywords: Baker University; Bluemont Central College; Davis, W. R.; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Universities and colleges

Letter, D. Vanderslice to Builders
Author: Vanderslice, Daniel
Date: May 11, 1860

Daniel Vanderslice, an Indian Agent, solicited builders with which he could contract in order to erect a school house and teacher's dwellings on the Iowa Indian Reservation near White Cloud, Kansas Territory. Vanderslice already had drawn up prospective plans and specifications for a school building, but welcomed other suggestions from independent contractors, just as long as the total cost of those suggested were at or under his set budget.

Keywords: Construction; Doniphan County, Kansas Territory; Education; Indian agents; Iowa Indians; Native Americans; School buildings; Vanderslice, Daniel; White Cloud, Kansas Territory

Letter, G. M. Beebe to John Bayless Esq.
Author: Beebe, George M.
Date: September 20, 1860

George Beebe, Territorial Secretary, wrote from Lecompton, Kansas Territory, to John Bayless, responding to Bayless' previous solicitation for his opinion. Beebe referred to an act of 1860 which would abolish all county offices, including the office of Superintendent of Schools, in his opinion. John Bayless was the first Superintendent of Schools in Doniphan County.

Keywords: Bayless, John; Beebe, George Monroe; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Education; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Schools

Letter, H. [Henry] L. Denison to My Dear Uncle [Joseph Denison]
Author: Denison, Henry
Date: December 22, 1860

Henry Denison wrote from Bluemont College in Manhattan, Kansas Territory, to his uncle Joseph Denison, who was a Trustee of the College. Henry, preparing for the beginning of the 4th term of school, reported that the contractor, Mr. Braus, was finishing work on the doorframes and mopboards of the school building. Washington Marlott, a Trustee of the College, would also be teaching during the upcoming term.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Construction; Denison, Henry; Denison, Joseph; Education; Hunting; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Marlott, Washington; Riley County, Kansas Territory; School buildings

Letter, Marcus J. Parrott to Isaac Goodnow
Author: Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879
Date: December 30, 1860

Marcus Parrott, Kansas Territory's delegate to Congress, wrote from Washington D.C. to Isaac Goodnow, confirming with him that he could safely count on the passage of his "College Bill" this legislative session. Goodnow, along with the other members of the Board of Trustees of Bluemont College in Manhattan, Kansas Territory, had submitted a bill to the legislature that would grant them legal title to the College and the land it occupied.

Keywords: Bills, legislative; Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; United States. Congress

First Semi-Annual Catalogue of Topeka Academy, For 1859-'60
Author: Topeka Academy
Date: 1860

This catalog for the Topeka Academy listed the teachers, the committee of examination, the students (gentlemen and ladies were listed separately), information about the academy including costs and textbooks used. Two of the teachers were women.

Keywords: Community life; Daily life; Education; Schools; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Teachers; Topeka Academy; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Women

Construction plans, scale drawings of proposed schoolhouse
Author: Vanderslice, Daniel
Date: ca.1860

These scale drawings show Daniel Vanderslice's envisioned schoolhouse, which was to be erected on the Iowa Indian Reservation, near White Cloud, Kansas Territory. Vanderslice was an Indian Agent committed to fulfilling the terms of treaties between various Indian tribes and the U.S. Government.

Keywords: Construction; Education; Indian agents; Iowa Indians; Native Americans; School buildings; Speculation; Vanderslice, Daniel

Construction plans, Specifications and plan of school house
Author: Vanderslice, Daniel
Date: c. 1860

These extensive plans describe in detail specifications for the construction of a school house in School District No. 62 in Doniphan County, Kansas. This school house was most likely intended to serve the residents of the Iowa Indian Reservation, near White Cloud, Kansas Territory

Keywords: Construction; Doniphan County, Kansas Territory; Education; Indian agents; Native Americans; School buildings; Vanderslice, Daniel

Photograph, James H. Noteware
Author: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1856

A portrait of James H. Noteware. He served as territorial superintendent of schools from March 1850 to December 1858.

Keywords: Noteware, James H.; Photographs and Illustrations

Educational globe from Delaware Baptist Mission
Author: No authors specified.
Date: 1837-1867

Globe made by the Halbrook School Apparatus Company and used in he Delaware Baptist Mission in Wyandotte County, near Edwardsville, Kansas. The Delaware Indians came to Kansas in the mid-1830s, followed by the missionaries who came to educate and convert them to Christianity. The mission was founded by Ira D. Blanchard in 1837 and later run by John G. Pratt.

Keywords: Baptists; Delaware Indian lands, Kansas Territory; Delaware Indians; Halbrook School Apparatus Company; Missionaries; Objects; Pratt, J. G. (John Gill), 1814-1900; Schools; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory

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Circular, Lawrence University
Authors: Lawrence University
Date:  c. 1859
This circular was written by the Board of Trustees of Lawrence University to inform the people of Kansas of the establishment of a university in Lawrence. Included in the letter are courses of study for various departments, tuition costs, board and lodging costs, scholarship information, faculty, and description of the school. The Board of Trustees also emphasized the fact that Lawrence was a thriving city, and it was "already distinguished in the Territory for its superior educational advantages." For further information about the college, the circular referred readers to William Bishop, corresponding secretary, or to Dr. C. E. Miner, president of the Board of Trustees.

Keywords: Bishop, William; Blood, James; Circulars; Education; Lawrence Republican; Lawrence University; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; School buildings; Universities and colleges


Letter, Robert Allyn to Bro. & Sis. Goodnow [Isaac and Ellen Goodnow]
Authors: Allyn, Robert
Date:  October 11, 1855
Robert Allyn wrote from Providence, Rhode Island, to his friends Isaac and Ellen Goodnow in Kansas Territory. Allyn, like Goodnow an educator, updated the couple on the construction of a new local Academy. He also reacted to news he had heard of political conditions in K.T., having found that "the papers are full of dreadful things about you horrid abolitionists in Kanzas", and asking him, "How do you contrive to live under the Missouri laws?" Showing himself to be a staunch Abolitionist as well, Allyn provides his own strong opinions and insights regarding the Kansas troubles. Allyn also advised that "getting up a few. . .free schools" would prompt a great rush of emigration from the Northern States to the Territory

Keywords: Abolitionists; Allyn, Robert; Antislavery; Education; Free state supporters; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Missourians; National politics; Newspapers; Pierce administration


Daily Diaries, Isaac Goodnow
Authors: Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894
Date:  1856 - 1860
These diaries, written by Isaac Goodnow, described his daily life and his community activities. He settled near Manhattan and was involved in promoting the town and in establishing and promoting Bluemont College, the predecessor to Kansas State University. Many of the entries are somewhat mundane, dealing with weather, illness, neighbors, etc. However, the entries also describe activities in Kansas aimed at making it a free state, as well as the land speculation involved with both towns and farm land.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Daily life; Diaries; Education; Goodnow, Ellen; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Illness; Land speculation; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Settlement; Town development; Universities and colleges; Weather


Letter, Isaac T. Goodnow to My Dear Ellen [Goodnow]
Authors: Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894
Date:  August 4, 1856
Isaac Goodnow wrote from Rhode Island, as he was traveling on the East Coast, to his wife in Kansas Territory, reporting on his efforts to fundraise for the creation of a college in the Territory. Goodnow thought he should "be able to put the college, through right, by staying East long enough." He made mention of contribution amounts he had garnered already, and was sending the cash home.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Education; Goodnow, Ellen; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Travel; Universities and colleges


Letter, Isaac T. Goodnow to Brother Quereau
Authors: Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894
Date:  December 1, 1856
Isaac Goodnow wrote from Kansas Territory to a friend Quereau of New England. It appeared that Goodnow was growing tired of the hard -scrabble life in the Territory, which was "decidedly injurious" to his constitution. He also showed signs of discouragement regarding the founding of a college in K.T., resigned to the idea that "for the time to come little can be done educationally." Goodnow told Quereau that he was actively seeking a teaching job back in the States.

Keywords: Education; Emigration and immigration; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Shannon, Kansas Territory; Teaching; Universities and colleges


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