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Border Disputes and Warfare

Border Disputes and Warfare > Military Organizations > U.S. Army
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Letter, Th. [Thomas] J. Wood, Capt. Cavalry, Comdg. to Govr. J. W. Denver
Author: Wood, Thomas J.
Date: May 16, 1858

Captain Thomas J. Wood, writing from Fort Scott, Kansas Territory to Governor James W. Denver, reported on the efforts of the U.S. Army to maintain order in southeast Kansas Territory. Capt. Wood stated that he planned to remove all troops from Fort Scott except a section of artillery and he suggested that there was no need to keep any troops in the area. The Marais des Cygnes massacre took place in Linn County on May 19, 1858, three days after Wood wrote this letter.

Keywords: Bourbon County, Kansas Territory; Denver, James William, 1817-1892; Fort Scott, Kansas Territory; Military; Montgomery, James, 1814-1871; United States. Army; Wood, Thomas J.

Citizens of Lawrence! L. Arms in area for negro hunting
Author: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1860

This document warned the citizens of Lawrence that a U.S Marshal named L[eonard] Arms was searching Lawrence for slaves and that they had the right to keep him out of their homes.

Keywords: African Americans; Arms, Leonard; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Eldridge House; Fugitive Slave Law; Fugitive slaves; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Slavery; Slaves; United States marshals

Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear General [James H. Lane]
Author: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: January 25, 1861

In this "Private" reply to his political rival, Ewing apparently responded to a request from Jim Lane for information about troops and munitions at Fort Leavenworth. Ewing provided some detailed information about this and about the local militia's readiness and strength. The troop strength at the fort was weak, but "Dragoons" from Fort Scott were expected soon: "If the Cavalry Companies come, all will be safe at the Fort. But we must have a force prepared to defend the City--& such preparation is our best guaranty for peace with our neighbors.

Keywords: Ammunition; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Firearms; Fort Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Fort Scott, Kansas Territory; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Military; Militia; United States. Army

Photograph, Colored Battery, Ft. Leavenworth, KS, c. 1864.
Author: No authors specified.
Date: 1864

Carte de visite depicting a Colored Battery positioned in front of the guard house, Ft. Leavenworth, KS, c. 1864.

Keywords: African Americans; Military; Photographs and Illustrations

Photograph, Thomas John Wood
Author: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1860

Portrait of Captain Thomas John Wood, U.S. Army, First Cavalry station at Fort Scott in 1858. Wood and a deputy U.S. marshall arrested members of Colonel Harvey's Free-State party after the Battle of Hickory Point. The captives are taken to Lecompton where they were imprisoned and charged with murder. About 20 of Harvey's soldiers were tried, convicted, and sentenced.

Keywords: Fort Scott, Kansas Territory; Hickory Point, Battle of; Photographs and Illustrations; Wood, Thomas J.

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Map of the United States and their territories between the Mississippi and Pacific Ocean, and part of Mexico.
Authors: Bureau of the Corps of Topographical Engineers
Date:  1850
Map shows a synthesis of the many and varied cartographic activities of the U. S. Army in the West since the onset of the Mexican War. Includes topographic features. Indicates locations of forts and missions. Indicates unnamed trails and routes. Indicates Native American inhabitation. Link to scanned image at Wichita State University Libraries - Special Collections.

Keywords: Bureau of the Corps of Topographical Engineers; Maps; United States. Army


Photograph, First Executive Office, Fort Leavenworth
Authors: No authors specified.
Date:  1854
A photograph of the building where Governor Reeder established the first Executive office at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, October 4 to November 24, 1854.

Keywords: Capitals (cities); Executive departments - Kansas Territory; Fort Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Territorial government; United States. Army


Letter, William A. Hammond to Dear Sir [Gov. A. H. Reeder]
Authors: Hammond, William A.
Date:  November 20, 1854
Dr. Hammond, the secretary of the Pawnee town company, was post surgeon at Fort Riley in 1854-55. He wrote from the "Catholic Mission" (undoubtedly the Potawatomi mission at St. Mary's) to inform the governor that he had "just purchased from Mr. Wilson one whole interest (10 shares) and from Lt. Hunter one half an interest (5 shares)" for Reeder--total cost, $1,800.00.

Keywords: Catholic Church Missions; Fort Riley, Kansas Territory; Hammond, William A.; Pawnee Town Association; Pawnee, Kansas Territory; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Speculation; Surgeons; Town site speculation; United States. Army


Certificate, Pawnee Association, one share
Authors: Pawnee Town Association
Date:  December 20, 1854
This printed certificate for "one share" in the Pawnee Association is made out to Thomas Sherwood and signed by W. R. Montgomery, president, and William A. Hammond, secretary. William R. Montgomery was a colonel in the U.S. Army in command at Fort Riley at the time; Hammond was the post surgeon. The area that was Pawnee is now on Fort Riley.

Keywords: Certificates; Fort Riley, Kansas Territory; Hammond, William A.; Montgomery, William R.; Pawnee Town Association; Sherwood, Thomas; Speculation; Town shares; United States. Army


Letter, J.C. Fremont to Gov. Charles Robinson
Authors: Fremont, John Charles, 1813-1890
Date:  March 17, 1856
From New York, on March 17, 1856, three months before accepting the Republican Party nomination for president, John C. Fremont wrote this letter of support and encouragement to Charles Robinson in Lawrence, Kansas. The two men had participated together in the political affairs of California a few years earlier, and Fremont compared the current controversy over the "Kansas question" with the previous incident. Fremont only briefly addressed Robinson's questions about a possible presidential bid.

Keywords: Banks, Nathaniel Prentiss, 1816-1894; Fremont, John Charles, 1813-1890; New York; Pierce administration; Pierce, Franklin, 1804-1869; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; United States. Army


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